6 stress

tress
n
1 [U, C] (pressure or worry resulting from) mental or physical distress, difficult circumstances, etc 精神上或肉体上的痛苦、 困难的情况等(所造成的压力或忧虑)
    be under/suffer from stress 在压力下[受到压力]
    in times of stress, ie difficulty, trouble, etc 在困难时期
    the stresses and strains of modern life 现代生活的压力和紧张.
2 [U] ~ (on sth) special emphasis or significance 强调; 重要性
    He feels that there is not enough stress on drama at the school.他觉得这所学校对戏剧不够重视.
    She lays great stress on punctuality, ie regards it as very important. 她非常强调要遵守时刻.
3 [C, U]
(a) (result of) extra force used in speaking a particular word or syllable 重读; 重音
    In `strategic´ the stress is/falls on the second syllable. strategic这个字的重音在第二个音节上.
    Stress and rhythm are important in speaking English. 说英语时, 重音和节奏是很重要的.
    You must learn where to place the stresses.必须掌握在什麽地方重读. Cf 参看 inflection 2, intonation 2.
(b) (result of) extra force used when making a sound in music (音乐中声音的)加强, 加强音
    Put a stress on the first note in each bar. 每一小节的第一个音符要加强.
4 [C, U] ~ (on sth) (esp in mechanics) force that acts on a thing or between parts of a thing, and tends to pull or twist it out of shape; tension (尤指力学的)应力
    High winds put great stress on the structure. 大风作用於该建筑物上而产生巨大的应力.
    [attrib 作定语]
a stress fracture of a bone in the leg 腿部的应力性骨折. stress, v [Tn, Tf] put stress or emphasis on (sth) 著重, 强调(某事物); 重读(某音节); 加强(某音符)
    You stress the first syllable in `happiness´. happiness一字的第一个音节要重读.
    He stressed the point that.... 他强调这一点....
    I must stress that what I say is confidential. 我要强调我说的话是保密的.