14 run (sth) down

run (sth) down
(a) (cause sth to) lose power or stop functioning (使某物)耗尽能源或失去作用
    My car battery has run down; it needs recharging. 我的汽车电池没电了, 需要充电.
    If you leave your headlights on you´ll soon run down the battery. 停车後不关前灯, 电池的电很快就会耗尽.
(b) (often in the continuous tenses 常用於进行时态) (cause sth to) stop functioning gradually or decline in size or number (使某事物)逐渐失去作用, 衰退, 衰减, 萎缩
    British manufacturing industry has been running down for years. 英国的制造业多年来一直在走下坡路.
    The local steelworks is being run down and is likely to close within three years. 当地的这家钢铁厂越来越不景气, 有可能在三年内关闭.
    The company is running down its sales force. 这家公司正在裁减推销人员. run sb/sth down
(a) (of a vehicle or its driver) hit sb/sth and knock him/it to the ground; (of a ship) collide with sth (指车辆或驾驶人)撞倒某人[某物]; (指船)与某物相撞
    run down a pedestrian 撞倒一行人
    The cyclist was run down by a lorry. 卡车把骑自行车的人撞倒了.
    The liner ran down a fishing-boat in thick fog. 班轮在浓雾中撞上了渔船.
(b) criticize sb/sth unkindly; disparage sb/sth 说某人[某事物]的坏话; 贬低某人[某事物]
    He´s always running down his wife´s cooking. 他总嫌妻子做的饭菜不好.
    She´s always running her children down in public. 她总是当著人说自己的孩子不懂事.
(c) find sb/sth after looking for him/it for a long time (寻找很长时间後)找到某人[某物]
    I finally ran the book down in the university library. 我终於在大学图书馆找到了那本书.
    The criminal was eventually run down in the woods near his home. 那罪犯终於落网, 就在他家附近的树林里被捕.