11 preparation

preparation
n
1 [U] preparing or being prepared 预备; 准备
    You can´t pass an exam without preparation. 不准备就考不及格.
    The preparation of the meals is your job. 做饭是你分内之事.
    [attrib 作定语]
Food preparation areas must be kept clean. 制作食物的场所应保持清洁.
2 [C usu pl 通常作复数]
~ (for sth/to do sth) thing done to prepare for sth 准备工作; 准备措施
    The country is making preparations for war/to go to war. 该国正进行备战[准备打仗].
    Was your education a good preparation for your career? 你所受的教育是否为你的事业打下了良好的基础?
3 [C] substance that has been specially prepared for use as a cosmetic, medicine, etc 适合於某一用途如化妆、 医药等的)配制品
    a pharmaceutical preparation 药剂
    a preparation for hiding/to hide skin blemishes 肤斑遮盖霜.
4 [C, U] (Brit) = prep 1.
5 (idm 习语) in preparation (for sth) being prepared (for sth) (为某事物)作好准备
    The advertising campaign is still in preparation. 广告宣传攻势仍在准备中.
    They´ve sold their house and car in preparation for leaving the country. 他们卖掉了房子和汽车准备出国.