5 court

court
n
1
(a) [C, U] place where trials or other law cases are held 法庭; 法院: a `court-room 法庭
    a `magistrate´s court 地方法院
    a crown `court (英格兰及威尔士的)地方刑事法院
    a court of assize, a court of quarter-sessions, ie courts in England and Wales before 1971 巡回法庭、 季审法院(1971年以前英格兰及威尔士的法院)
    a (military or naval) court of inquiry, ie one that deals with cases of indiscipline, etc (陆军或海军的)调查法庭(负责审理违纪等案件)
    The prisoner was brought to court for trial. 囚犯被提到法庭受审.
    She had to appear in court to give evidence. 她须出庭作证.
    [attrib 作定语]
a court usher, reporter 法院传达员、 书记员
    The case was settled out of court, ie was settled without the need for it to be tried in court. 此案已在庭外和解.
    an out-of-court settlement 庭外和解.
(b) the court [sing]
people present in a court-room, esp those who administer justice 出庭人员; (尤指)审判人员
    The court rose (ie stood up) as the judge entered. 法官出庭时全体到庭人员起立.
    Please tell the court all you know. 请把你所知道的一切告诉本庭审判人员. Cf 参看 lawcourt (law).
2 (often 常作 Court)
(a) [C, U] official residence of a sovereign 宫廷; 朝廷
    the Court of St James, ie the court of the British sovereign 英国宫廷
    She had been received at all the courts of Europe. 她曾获欧洲各君主召见.
    be presented at court, ie make one´s first official appearance at the sovereign´s court 初次觐见君主
    [attrib 作定语]
the court jester 宫廷中的小丑.
(b) the court [sing]
(institution consisting of the) sovereign and all his or her advisers, officials, family, etc 宫廷; 朝廷
    The court moves to the country in the summer. 夏天王室上下都移居到乡下去.
3 [C] (sport 体) indoor or outdoor space marked out for tennis or similar ball games (网球等的室内或室外)球场
    a `tennis/`squash court 网球[壁球]场
    Do you prefer grass or hard courts? 你喜欢草地球场还是硬地球场?
    Players must behave well on court. 比赛者应该遵守场上规则. =>illus at tennis 见tennis之插图.
4 (also `courtyard) [C]
unroofed space partially or completely enclosed by walls or buildings, eg in a castle or an old inn; the buildings around such a space 庭院, 院子, 天井(如城堡或古时客栈中的); 庭院周围的建筑物.
5 (idm 习语) the ball is in sb´s/one´s court => ball1. go to court (over sth) apply to have a case heard and decided by a court of law 起诉; 打官司. hold `court entertain visitors, admirers, etc 接待来访者、 敬慕者等
    The film star held court in the hotel lobby. 这位电影明星在旅馆的大厅里接见了影迷. laugh sb/sth out of court => laugh. pay court to sb => pay2. put sth out of `court make sth not worthy of consideration 使某事物不被重视
    The sheer cost of the scheme puts it right out of court. 这一方案所需费用庞大, 不值得考虑. take sb to `court make a charge against sb, to be settled in court; prosecute sb 起诉某人; 控告某人
    I took her to court for repayment of the debt. 我为索取债务而起诉她.
court v
1
(a) [Tn] (dated 旧) (of a man) try to win the affections of (a woman), with a view to marriage (指男子)向(女子)献殷勤; 向(女子)求爱或求婚
    He had been courting Jane for six months. 他追求简已有六个月之久.
(b) [I] (esp dated 尤作旧) spend time together, with a view to marriage 谈情说爱; 谈恋爱
    The two have been courting for a year. 两人恋爱已有一年之久.
    There were several courting couples in the park. 公园里有几对谈情说爱的男女.
2 [Tn]
(a) try to gain the favour of (a rich or influential person) 讨好(有钱或有势的人)
    He has been courting the director, hoping to get the leading role in the play. 他一直在讨好导演, 想在剧中扮演主角.
(b) (often derog 常作贬义) try to win or obtain (sth) 设法赢得或获得(某事物)
    court sb´s approval, support, favour, etc 取悦於某人以获其同意、 支持、 好感等
    court applause 博取掌声.
3 [Tn no passive 不用於被动语态]
do sth that might lead to (sth unpleasant); risk 招致; 招惹; 导致; 冒...之险
    court failure, defeat, death, etc 导致挫折、 失败、 死亡等
    To go on such an expedition without enough supplies would be to court disaster. 没有足够的补给就进行这种远征是会闯祸的.