8 pit-head

pit-head

n entrance of a coal-mine and the offices, machinery, etc in the area around it 煤矿井口处及周围的办公室、 机械设备等

    [attrib 作定语]

a pit-head ballot,ie a vote, esp about union matters, taken by miners at the pit-head (矿工的)井口投票表决(尤指关於工会事宜).

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12 rate-capping

rate-capping

n [U] (in Britain) limit on the amount of money a local authority can raise through the rates, imposed by the Government to curb overspending (英国)政府为遏制超支, 限制地方当局徵收房地产税不得超过的最高限额.

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11 edification

edification

n[U]

(fml or joc 文或谑) improvement of mind or character 开导; 启发; 陶冶; 薰陶

    I am telling you this simply for your edification. 我只是为了开导你才告诉你这件事的.

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3 egg

egg

n

1 [C] in female mammals the cell from which the young is formed; ovum 卵; 卵子; 卵细胞

    The male sperm fertilizes the female egg. 雄性的精子使雌性的卵子受精.

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8 -wheeler

-wheeler

(forming compound ns 用以构成复合名词) vehicle with the specified number of wheels 有某数量轮子的车

    a ,three-wheeler 三轮机动车.

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6 spruce

spruce

adj tidy and clean in appearance; smart 外表整洁的; 漂亮的. spruce, v (phr v) spruce (oneself/sb) up make(oneself/sb) tidy and clean; smarten up 使(自己[某人])整洁; 打扮

    He spruced (himself) up for the interview. 他打扮了一下去参加面试.

    They were all spruced up for the party. 他们都打扮得漂漂亮亮的去参加聚会.

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8 transept

transept

n

(architecture 建) (either end of the) part of a cross-shaped church which is built at right angles to the main central part (the nave) (十字形平面式教堂的)耳堂

    the north/south transept of the cathedral 大教堂的北[南]耳堂. =>illus at App 1 见附录1插图, page viii.

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8 mud-bath

mud-bath

n bath in mud believed to have health-giving qualities (eg in treating rheumatism) 泥浴(如用以治疗风湿病)

    (fig 比喻) the pitch was a mud-bath after the heavy rain 大雨过後球场成了泥潭.

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5 a few

a few

indef pron

1 a small number of people, things, places, etc; some 少数的人、 物、 地方等; 一些.

(a) (referring back 用以复指前文)

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9 kerbstone

kerbstone

n block of stone or concrete forming part of a kerb 路缘石; 路边石.

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8 terminal

terminal

adj

1 of the last stage in a fatal disease (致命疾病的)晚期的, 末期的

    His illness isterminal, ie cannot be cured. 他的病已到末期.

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7 bedtime

bedtime

n [U] time for going to bed 就寝时间

    His bedtime is eight o´clock. 他的就寝时间是八点钟.

    It´s long past your bedtime. 你的就寝时间早就过了.

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16 walrus moustache

walrus moustache

(infml 口) long thick moustache that hangs down on each side of the mouth (嘴角两侧的)粗长胡子.

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9 captivity

captivity

n[U]

state of being captive 被俘; 被捕; 囚禁

    He was held in captivity for three years. 他被囚禁三年.

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