6 fossil

fossil

n

1 remains of a prehistoric animal or plant preserved by being buried in earth and now hardened like rock 化石

    This fossil may be over 2 million years old. 这化石可能超过二百万年了.

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9 murderous

murderous

adj

1 intending or likely to murder 蓄意谋杀的; 杀人的; 凶残的

    a murderous villain, look, attack 穷凶极恶的暴徒、 样子、 袭击

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7 caprice

caprice

n

1

(a) [C] sudden change in attitude or behaviour with no obvious cause; whim 态度或行为无明显缘故的突然改变; 突如其来的念头.

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7 surplus

surplus

n[C, U]

1 amount left over after one has used all that one needs; amount by which money received is greater than money spent 剩余(额); 过剩; 盈余; 顺差

    Surpluses of food can be sold for cash. 多余的食物可卖钱.

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7 posting

posting

n

(esp Brit) appointment to a post2(1), esp an official one 任命, 委派(尤指担任官职)

    The ambassador expects that his next posting will be (to) Paris. 那位大使预期他下次派驻巴黎.

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13 unprecedented

unprecedented

adj

without precedent; never having happened, been done or been known before 无前例的; 前所未有的; 空前的

    unprecedented levels of unemployment 失业率达到的前所未有的严重程度

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3 guy

guy

n

rope or chain used to keep sth steady or secured, eg to hold a tent in place (帐篷等的)支索; 牵索; 拉索.

guy n

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18 communication cord

communication cord

cord that passes along the length of a train inside the coaches, and that passengers can pull to stop the train in an emergency (火车车厢内供乘客紧急制动时拉的)警报索.

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6 accept

accept

v

1

(a) [Tn] take (sth offered) willingly 欣然接受(他人提供的事物)

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11 love-letter

love-letter

n letter between two people expressing the love of one for the other 情书.

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3 ism

ism

n

(usu derog 通常作贬义) any distinctive doctrine or practice 主义; 学说; 制度

    behaviourism and all the other isms of the twentieth century 二十世纪的行为主义及一切其他学说.

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7 ferrule

ferrule

n

metal ring or cap placed on the end of a stick, an umbrella, etc to stop it splitting or wearing down (手杖、 伞等顶端的)金属箍, 金属包头.

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4 wing

wing

n

1 [C]

(a) either of the pair of feathered limbs that a bird uses to fly (鸟的)翅膀, 翼. =>illus at App 1 见附录1插图, page iv.

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8 immunize

immunize

immunise, v [Tn, Tn.pr]

~ sb (against sth) make sb immune (to a disease or infection), esp by injecting him with a vaccine 使某人免疫(尤指通过注射疫苗)

    Have you been immunized (against smallpox) yet? 你接种过(抗天花)疫苗没有? Cf 参看 inoculate, vaccinate.

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5 sting

sting

n

1 [C] sharp pointed organ of some insects (eg bees, wasps) and other animals, used for wounding and (usu) injecting poison (某些昆虫, 如蜜蜂、 黄蜂, 及其他动物的)螫针, 螫刺, 毒刺

    The sting of a scorpion is in its tail. 蝎子的毒钩在其尾部.

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7 clamber

clamber

v[I, Ipr, Ip]

climb, esp with difficulty or effort, using the hands and feet 攀爬, 攀登(尤指艰难地或费力地)

    The children clambered over the rocks. 孩子们吃力地爬过了岩石. clamber, n (esp sing 尤作单数) difficult or awkward climb 困难的或麻烦的攀登.

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